Facts About Gallstones in Pets

One of the most vital requirements for our pet’s health is their meal, but it doesn’t stop there. They need to maintain a healthy diet to guarantee a quality of life, especially in avoiding diseases like having a stone in the bladder that makes them suffer in pain from the moment it was acquired up to a possible advanced treatment if mistreated. Their meal is among the most effortless responsibilities we can do, yet one of the most dangerous to their health if disregarded.

What are pet bladder stones?

Pet bladder stones have the same idea as kidney stones for humans. It is highly concentrated urine where minerals turn into stones that develop in their bladder. These stones are called “uroliths.” We can already tell how this could be so discomforting for our pets, especially if we have not noticed it right away.

Common Signs and Symptoms

One of the most obvious indications is their constant urination. You may notice a small amount of pee every now and then as it is so concentrated, and they feel pain every time they try to do so. You will most likely be bothered by how strong the smell of their urine is, especially when it appears discolored or, worse, bloody. You will notice them licking their genitals more often, which is their remedy for the discomfort and pain they’re feeling.


Apart from the common causes like bad diet, urinary tract infection, dehydration, too much phosphate, ammonium or magnesium in pee, congenital liver shunt, and whatnot, a dog’s bladder acquires different types of stone, which have various reasons. The urate bladder stones, xanthine bladder stones, cystine bladder stones, calcium oxalate bladder stones, and the most common is struvite stone which develops when phosphate and magnesium stick together. It isn’t bad for the health unless it gets infected and mixed into pee which raises the level of pH that leads to struvite crystals, the hazardous stones in their system.

Diagnosis and Treatment

In facilities like the Douglasville Vet Hospital, the diagnosis will include a thorough physical examination; your vet will check the pet’s tummy for indications of pain around the gallbladder. Blood will be collected to check for liver changes, increased bilirubin, calcium, or cholesterol in the blood, and check for indications of inflammation or infection. Next will be x-rays to see if any stones are visible. Only about 50% of gallstones can show on x-rays.

There are three main treatment choices for bladder stones, first is surgical removal; this veterinary surgery for dogs and cats is often the fastest way of dealing with bladder stones. However, it might not be the best treatment for patients with other health issues or whom general anesthesia could be dangerous. With this option, the stones will be removed by means of cystotomy, a procedure to access and open the bladder to get the stones.

Numerous veterinarians and pets routinely perform this surgery and usually make rapid postoperative healing. If the stones block the urethra, the pet won’t pee anymore; in this case, emergency treatment is necessary to save the pet’s life.

The second is non-surgical removal by uro hydro propulsion, and the third is nutritional dissolution. The specific treatment recommended for your pet will depend on the kind of stone present. Your vet will discuss the pros and cons of each treatment option with you in more detail, based on your pet’s situation.


Registering your family pets in pet wellness plans is essential to ensure that your pet would not experience this illness; a wellness exam is a thorough assessment of your pet’s health. It enables veterinarians to identify and treat any possible health issues and monitor your pet’s diet to ensure they’re getting enough nutrients in everyday life.